Diamond Rings - BasicsWhether it is a brilliant, baguette or princess cut diamond, the combination of precious metals and diamonds will embody all your hopes and dreams in a symphony of beauty and elegance to last forever.
The diamond is the hardest raw material in the world. Diamonds consist of pure carbon and they are produced by special circumstances of extremely high temperatures and immense pressures. Diamonds are judged by the following criteria:
- weight (carat)
Diamonds – Carat, Weight and ColourCarat
Carat, a word of Arabian origin, is a unit of weight for precious stones (abbr. ct.), not to be confused with gold quality carat. In former times, the dried seed of a carob tree was used as it had a regular and reliable weight. Later, the carat was fixed metrically on 0,2 gm.
Diamonds cover all colours of the spectrum. White stones are most frequently used in the jewellery sector. Transparent stones – clear like ice – are of particular rarity. The quality of the diamonds is classified according to the colour. Christian Bauer uses only stones with colour Top Wesselton or G grade (fine white).
Diamond Rings – Clarity and CutClarity
According to international standards of purity, it can reach from loupe-clean to stones with large inclusions. Inclusions can be crystals of another mineral, bubbles with or without liquid or gas, ‘feathers’ or impure carbon spots. The purer the diamond, the higher the price. In general, Christian Bauer uses stones with the quality VSi (very small inclusions) and Si (small inclusions). In these qualities, the inclusions cannot be seen with the naked eye.
In nature diamonds occur in an octahedron shape. The cut or shape determines the refraction and reflection of the light. The objective achieve total internal reflection – and with that get that wonderful dispersion of colour - by cutting the diamond with optimum angles. Ideally proportioned stones have the best brilliance.
Common diamond cutsBrillant cut:
The round brilliant-cut is the most popular cut for diamonds, the cut for the optimum refraction and reflection. The quantity of facets is 57 and the angles of the facets are precisely calculated. Light entering from the top, will be reflected and refracted internally in the facets and broken into the spectral colours just like a prism. The light then exits the stone again through the top facets. A stone cut too flat or too deep will leak light out of the bottom facets and that wonderful ‘fire’ of a well-cut stone will be lost.
The Princess cut has a square basic form; the number of facets is – in contrast to the brilliant – not given. It is an increasingly popular shape that has excellent brilliance when well cut. With it’s clean lines and square corners, it is a perfect compliment to the clean design of Christian Bauer wedding rings.
Diamonds with baguette cut are rectangular. Here as well, the number of facets is not given. To obtain the narrow, long form of the diamond a lot of raw material has to be cut in order to get the optimum brilliance. Of course, there are also other cuts, but those mentioned above are mainly used for Christian Bauer wedding rings as they work best with the Christian Bauer design concept.